Prairie Dog Hunting Season

Season Dates: Year Round *

Daily Limit:


Possession Limit: Unrestricted
Shooting Hours: Unrestricted

*Season: open year-round, except in the Conata Basin and several other areas within the Buffalo Gap National Grasslands. Please contact the US Forest Service for additional information regarding specific closure locations at (605)279-2125.

The distribution or prairie dogs over most of the western two-thirds of the state. The population is considered stable in the state, and in fact prairie dog control measures are actively taken to assist damage the animals cause on some private land.

In other parts of the country, prairie dogs home range has decreased. The US Fish and Wildlife Service considered a petition to list them as a federal threatened species in the late 1990s. South Dakota is one of eleven states that has worked cooperatively to develop management programs to help avoid the need to list the black-tailed prairie dog as a federal threatened species.